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New Guides Now AvailableIf all you want to do is install the latest LTS version of Ubuntu then there are three new guides to help you.
1. How to create recovery media for the HP Chromebook
2. How to install Ubuntu on the HP Chromebook
3. How to install Minecraft on the HP Chromebook
The difference between the new guides and this one is that they just show you the steps required to backup Chrome, install Ubuntu and install Minecraft. There are no explanation to the switches used on the command line.
The point of those articles is to get you to an installed version of Ubuntu as quickly as possible without confusing you with different options.
The new guides also show some new techniques not explained in this article.
For instance the Ubuntu installation guide shows how to install the Ubuntu Desktop package to get all the features you would expect and the Minecraft guide shows a new and easier method for installing Minecraft.
Create recovery media
When the image has finished downloading it will be extracted and then copied to the SD card or USB drive.
The recovery image is currently 1.4 gigabytes in size. This is largely the reason you should create the recovery media as soon as possible. As you fill up your SSD there will be less and less space available for that image to be extracted to before it is copied to the recovery media.
When the process has finished you should see a success message as shown above. You can now remove the USB drive from the system. Put it somewhere safe and leave it there until you need it (which will hopefully be never).
Installing Ubuntu on the HP Chromebook
The process of installing Ubuntu
Switching to developer mode
To enter developer mode use the following ninja key combination:
The screen that appears looks a little bit scary.
Press CTRL and D on the keyboard now and you will be warned that you are about to enter developer mode and that all warranties are void if you continue.
Press Enter to continue.
When the process has finished you will see the following screen:
From now on whenever you see this screen press CTRL and D. This boots your Chromebook into developer mode.
When the Chromebook boots up you will be back at the point where you have to set up the internet connection and enter your Google user details.
- Debian (woody, sarge, etch, lenny, squeeze, wheezy, jessie, sid)
- Ubuntu (warty, hoary, breezy, dapper, edgy, feisty, gutsy, hardy, intrepid, jaunty, karmic, lucid, maverick, natty, oneiric, precise, quantal, raring, saucy, trusty).
For support purposes only Debian wheezy, jessie and sid are supported and for Ubuntu only precise, quantal, raring and saucy are supported.
- Trusty = 14.04
- Saucy = 13.10
- Raring = 13.04
- Quantal = 12.10
- Precise = 12.04 (LTS)
- audio (for audio playback)
- chrome (installs the Chrome browser in the installed system)
- chromium (installs the chromium browser)
- cli-extra (includes tools such as ssh)
- core (performs core system configuration)
- extension (enables clipboard sharing with ChromeOS)
- gtk-extra (includes gksu, gdebi and a simple browser)
- keyboard (adds keyboard support for Chromebook's special keys)
- touch (provides touch screen support, not much use on the HP Chromebook)
- xbmc (installs xbmc media player)
Imagine that you wanted to install Debian Wheezy with the Gnome desktop and include Chromium and audio playback support. You would need to type the following:
Install extra packagesThe version of Ubuntu that is installed isn't the same as the version of Ubuntu that is installed from the ISO from the Ubuntu website.
First things first. If you click on the files icon on the launch bar you will see that there is a downloads folder under your username. This is the same downloads folder that is used by ChromeOS. You can therefore share files easily between ChromeOS and Ubuntu by placing files in the downloads folder.
So what applications do you need? In theory that is entirely up to you. I don't recommend installing another browser.
You can switch to ChromeOS at any time by pressing CTRL + ALT and the LEFT arrow next to the escape button. You can switch back to Ubuntu by pressing CTRL + ALT and the RIGHT button and then CTRL + ALT and REFRESH (the curly arrow next to the right arrow).
I don't think you need to install another browser. Getting to the Chrome browser in ChromeOS is just a key combination away. If you need to download files from the internet use the Chrome browser and download files to the Downloads folder which can easily be accessed using Ubuntu.
Synaptic is fairly easy to use and provides a good visual representation of the software repositories. To find a piece of software click on the search button and start typing either the name or the type of software you require.
When you have found the software you require click on the checkbox next to the software title. This marks the software for installation.
To install the software click "Apply".
Ubuntu Software Centre
Click on "OpenJDK Java 7 Runtime" and then click "Install".
Download the Minecraft Launcher
Scroll down to the Minecraft for Linux / Other and click on the Minecraft.jar link. The file will be downloaded to your downloads folder which is accessible by ChromeOS and Ubuntu.
Switch back to Ubuntu (CTRL + ALT + RIGHT ARROW and CTRL + ALT + REFRESH).
Open up the file manager (2nd icon on the launcher). Navigate to the download folder and find the Minecraft.jar file.
Right click on the file and choose properties. Click on the "Permissions" tab.
Check the "Allow executing file as program" box. Click "Close".
To run Minecraft double click on the Minecraft.jar file.
Enter the shell by typing shell
Now enter the following:
sudo crossystem dev_boot_usb=1 dev_legacy_boot=1
You will now be able to boot other live Linux operating systems. This actually works very well when using something like SLAX. You can also boot using the Android x86 live image.
To boot from a USB drive when you first boot instead of pressing CTRL and D to enter developer mode press CTRL and L.
Note though that trying to run an installed version of Android on a USB drive provides many problems. The live version works well but doesn't store any changes.
Now switch to Ubuntu by clicking CTRL + ALT + RIGHT and then CTRL + ALT + REFRESH.