Backup your Windows partition
Now the first backup section was a little bit specific to Dell computers. Allowing for the fact that you may not be using a Dell computer this section shows how to create a system image using the Windows 7 File Recovery tools. (I wonder why I couldn't find a Windows 8 one?).
To get to the Windows 7 recovery tools move the mouse to the top right corner and then select the search icon again.
Click on the "settings" option and then type "recovery". The option for "Windows 7 Recovery" will appear. Clicking on this option will display the above window.
There are 2 options here:
- Create a system repair disc
- Create a system image
I don't want to sound like your mum but you really should do this.
Backup your Ubuntu partition
The tool used in Ubuntu to backup your files is DeJa Dup.
You can open the backup utility in a couple of ways.
- Click on the settings icon on the launcher and select the "Backup" option or ...
- Open the Dash and start searching for "Backup". Click on the "Backup" option.
The first screen gives you the choice to either restore files or show your backup settings.
The option you want to choose is "Just show my backup settings".
The tabs include "Overview", "Storage", "Folders" and "Schedule".
The "Overview" tab shows you where you are backing up to, the folders that are being backed up, the folders that aren't being backed up (within the chosen backup folders), when you last backed up and when your next backup is scheduled.
From this screen you can choose to restore a previous backup or perform a backup now. You can also turn on automatic backups.
The "Backup location" will list all your drives and Ubuntu One.
The folder is the name of the folder that the backups will be stored under.
Make sure that you don't put a / in front of the Folder name otherwise you will get a permission denied error from DeJa Dup.
The left pane shows the folders that are being backed up and the right pane shows the folders that won't be backed up within the chosen folders to back up.
You can click the + symbol to add folders to either pane and the - symbol to remove folders.
Choose to backup daily or weekly and on the same tab choose how long backups are kept for.
To backup Ubuntu go to the "Overview" tab and click "Backup Now".
Choose "Allow restoring without a password" if you are the only person with access to the computer and indeed the drive containing the backups otherwise choose "Password-protect your backup" and enter a password.
To make sure it has copied the files open the folder and look for the files in the backup location.
Upgrade UbuntuTo start the upgrade open the Dash and search for "Updater". You will see the application "Software Updater" appear.
To upgrade to Ubuntu 13.10 open the Dash and search for "Updater" again. Open "Software Updater" and this time you will see an option to Upgrade to Ubuntu 13.10.
Click "Upgrade..." to begin the upgrade.
It is important to point out that this article shows how to upgrade from 13.04 to 13.10.
Whilst it is possible to upgrade from other versions to 13.10 you should visit the Ubuntu website to find out the correct upgrade path.
Depending on your internet connection this process can take a while.
I would like to say that you can run the Upgrade and then go to your bed and wake up with a nicely upgraded system but you will get asked questions along the way so whilst you can monitor the install and make yourself a cup of coffee you will have to do things along the way.
There is also an estimate of the amount of time it will take to complete the download.
Click "Start Upgrade" to go for it.
There are certain packages that are rendered obsolete in version 13.10. You are given a list of the packages and you can choose to "Keep" or "Remove" the packages.
When the upgrade has finished you should restart your computer. You will notice that now your Grub menu has Ubuntu listed twice.
The top "Ubuntu" is 13.10. Boot into the top "Ubuntu" to try Ubuntu 13.10 for the first time.
If everything has gone to plan your system will have upgraded correctly.
To make sure it really has all gone to plan restart the computer and boot into the Windows partition.
Again hopefully everything works as before.
Fixing GrubIf you are like me then you probably don't want Ubuntu to appear multiple times on the boot list and you may want the Windows option to come first especially if other members of the family use the computer and are used to using Windows.
# If you change this file, run 'update-grub' afterwards to update
# For full documentation of the options in this file, see:
# info -f grub -n 'Simple configuration'
GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR="`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian`"
If you want Windows to be the default option then you can either edit the grub.cfg file (which explicitly says not to edit it) or you can change the default to point to the Windows option first.
Whilst editing the /etc/default/grub file won't put Windows top of the list it will make it the highlighted option when you start the computer.
To do this change GRUB-DEFAULT to be the position in the list that Windows is when you start the computer.
On my computer Ubuntu is first, Ubuntu Advanced options is next and Windows is third.
Note that the numbering starts from position 0 to Ubuntu is position 0, Ubuntu Advanced is 1 and Windows is 2.
Save the file when you have changed the default and run sudo update-grub.
The Grub file will be updated and if you reboot Windows will be selected automatically.
With regards to the extra Ubuntu entries the reason there are likely multiple entries is that you will have more than one Linux kernel installed.
You can either edit the grub.cfg file directly to remove the extra entry (not recommended) or you can remove the additional kernels by running Synaptic and looking for older installed version numbers.
Personally I would leave the duplicate entries there and just not select them.
SummaryI hope that those of you who installed Ubuntu 13.04 from my initial guide will find this a useful guide for now upgrading your system to Ubuntu 13.10.
Thankyou for reading.
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