Last month saw the release of everybody's favourite Linux distribution, Ubuntu. I have spent the past couple of weeks reading other people's opinions, watching videos and listening to podcasts.
I have also spent some time trying out the latest offering and within this review I will highlight the new features, the bits I like, the bits I think are a little bit strange and the things I really don't like at all.
New Features For Ubuntu 16.04
snap findThis provides a list of packages. You can install a package using the following command:
snap install packagenameUnfortunately when I run these commands however I get the following error:
download snap "ubuntu-core" from channel "stable" (snap not found)The number of snap packages available is currently very small but as a feature I suspect this is one for the future and one to look out for. Meanwhile if anyone wants to tell me why I am getting this error I would be truly grateful.
Linux Kernel 4.4If you own a modern computer the 4.4 kernel released with Ubuntu 16.04 is a godsend. This prevents me having to perform so many tricks such as backporting in order to get wireless working on my Lenovo Ideapad Y700.
That isn't to say that the wireless problems go away completely. On the Ideapad there is still an issue which I will come to later on.
Gnome Software Replaces The Ubuntu Software Centre
"the main application for installing software in Ubuntu is the Software Centre and I think it has to be the biggest drawback for new users.
Let's take the three applications listed in the previous section, Skype, DropBox and Steam.
Each one of these applications is less straight forward to install than it should be using the Software Centre.The answer by the Ubuntu developers is to remove it completely and use the Gnome Software manager instead.
This isn't to say that all the problems have been solved but it shows that the developers do listen.
Online Searches Disabled By Default
- Gnome calendar included by default
- Brasero and Empathy removed from the default installation (DVD burner and chat client)
- Chromium is now version 48 and Firefox is at version 45
- More supported languages
- Bug fixes
- Various Compiz and Unity amendments
- LibreOffice is now at 5.1
How To Get Ubuntu 16.04
Simply click the download button.
Note that by default you will get the 64-bit version. If you want a 32-bit version you will need to click the "alternative downloads and torrents link".
I am guessing that if you are using a 32-bit computer it is quite old and therefore might not be up to running Ubuntu 16.04.
How To Create A Ubuntu USB Drive
How To Install UbuntuTo dual boot Ubuntu and Windows 10 follow one of these guides:
Changes To The Installer
- are you connected to the internet
- are you connected to a power source
- have you got 6 gigabytes of hard disk space
- Customer: "when i pay for a view I expect something more interesting than that"
- Basil Fawlty (Owner): "but that is Torquay madam"
- Customer: "well it is not good enough"
- Basil: "well may I ask what you expected to see out a Torquay hotel window? Sydney Opera House perhaps? The Hanging Gardens Of Babylon? Herds of wilderbeest sweeping across the plain
Finally there is a dash interface for finding and launching applications.
Connecting To The Internet
cd ~/Downloadssudo dpkg -i google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
It will fail to install.
Now run this command:
sudo apt-get install -f
Finally run this command again:
sudo dpkg -i google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.debIt finally installs.
When it comes to installing Steam even Synaptic didn't help.
It was purely command line:
A license agreement will appear. Click tab to select the ok button and return to accept it.
sudo apt-get install steam
Another screen will be displayed with the option to accept or decline the agreement. Use the tab key to select "I Agree". Then tab to "OK" and press return.
All in all the Software Centre may have gone but the pain lives on and in many ways the situation feels much worse than it was in Ubuntu 15.10. I think these issues need to be dealt ASAP.
The default audio player in Ubuntu 16.04 is Rhythmbox (and it has been for some time). It is probably one of the best Linux applications available and far surpasses anything provided by other proprietary operating systems.
Click here for a complete guide to Rhythmbox
The email client in Ubuntu 16.04 is Thunderbird. Personally I prefer Evolution but Thunderbird can easily be set up to work with common mail providers such as Google's GMail.
The default video player is Totem.
You can choose to watch local video files or you can choose the search feature. There are a couple of default channels or you can choose to search various other channels such as Youtube.
- Rhythmbox - Audio
- Totem - Video
- Thunderbird - Email
- Firefox - Web Browser
- Shotwell - Photo Manager
- Cheese - Webcam Viewer
- LibreOffice - Office Suite
- Transmission - Bittorrent Client
- Gnome Calendar - Calendar
Moving The Launcher
You can now move the launcher to the bottom of the screen.
To do so open a terminal window and enter the following command:
gsettings set com.canonical.Unity.Launcher launcher-position Bottom
To set it back to the left side use the following command:
gsettings set com.canonical.Unity.Launcher launcher-position Left
If you were hoping to put it on the right side then you will have to wait a bit longer for that.