If you have Windows 8.1 and you wish to install Ubuntu 14.04 I have created a new guide showing how to install Ubuntu 14.04 alongside Windows 8.1.
For those of you who already have Ubuntu installed alongside Windows 8 I have written a new guide showing how to upgrade Ubuntu to the latest version without harming Windows 8.
If you are using Windows Vista then read this guide to installing Linux alongside Windows Vista
If you are using Windows XP then read this guide to installing Linux alongside Windows XP
A review of Ubuntu 14.04Before you start it might be worth reading the latest review of Ubuntu 14.04 to make sure dual booting with Windows 8.1 is something you want to do.
- Backup your Windows partitions
- Shrink the Windows partition
- Create a bootable USB drive with Ubuntu on it
- Turn off fast boot and Disable secure boot
- Run the Ubuntu installer
- Partition the empty space (created after shrinking Windows partition)
- Complete the installation
- Reboot into the Ubuntu Live image
- Run the boot repair
- Test that everything works.
1. Backup your Windows partition
Create recovery media using Dell's recovery tools
- Factory Backup
- Apps & Drivers
Creating recovery media using Window's 7 tools
Now the first backup section was a little bit specific to Dell computers. Allowing for the fact that you may not be using a Dell computer this section shows how to create a system image using the Windows 7 File Recovery tools. (I wonder why I couldn't find a Windows 8 one?).
To get to the Windows 7 recovery tools move the mouse to the top right corner and then select the search icon again.
Click on the "settings" option and then type "recovery". The option for "Windows 7 Recovery" will appear. Clicking on this option will display the above window.
There are 2 options here:
- Create a system repair disc
- Create a system image
I don't want to sound like your mum but you really should do this.
2. Shrink the Windows partition
3. Create a bootable USB drive with Ubuntu on it
Version 12.04 is a long term support release which means you can install it now and it will still receive updates in 4 years time. This is great if you are the sort of person who likes stability and you aren't too bothered about getting the new features early.
Version 13.04 has only 9 months worth of support and then you will be expected to upgrade to a newer version of Ubuntu. This may sound like a very short period of time (and it is) but 13.04 already feels slick compared to 12.04.
If you become comfortable with the installation process then moving up to the latest versions keeps you in the now club.
The long term support releases are great but consider that the last LTS version was back at version 10 which pre-dates Unity. To quote Ferris Bueller:
Life moves pretty fast. If you don't stop and look around once in a while, you could miss it.
Note that if you have a Dell Inspiron 3521 and you wish to install version 12.04 there is a dedicated version especially for you at http://www.ubuntu.com/certification/hardware/201208-11539/.
The Dell Inspiron 3521 can be purchased pre-installed with Ubuntu and therefore there is already an image available which has all the necessary drivers set up.
I can confirm however that I installed Ubuntu 13.04 and I used the stock 64-bit download and I have had no issues with Ubuntu whatsoever.
If you live in the city then downloading Ubuntu will be a quick process. If you live in the countryside and your internet connection sucks as much as mine then there is always the option of buying a DVD pre-installed within Ubuntu Linux.
Click on the "Download (for Windows" link. The download is fairly small and even on my meagre internet connection takes under a minute.
To run Unetbootin press the "Start" button and click on "Files". Now type "Unetbootin" into the search box and Unetbootin will be the first option. Click on the icon to run Unetbootin.
To create a bootable USB drive you need to insert a blank USB drive into a USB port and then select the disk image option.
Clicking on the button with 3 dots brings up a file browser and you should be able to find the downloaded Ubuntu ISO.
Make sure that the USB Drive is indeed in the drive letter specified and when you are happy that you aren't about to install somewhere you shouldn't click OK.
It takes a few minutes for Unetbootin to do it's stuff but ultimately you will end up with a bootable USB drive.
4. Turn off fast boot and disable secure boot
Turn off fast boot
Turn off secure boot
5. Run the Ubuntu Installer
It is a beautiful sight seeing Windows disappear and Ubuntu appear in its place even if it is the live USB version.
Let's get started.
Clicking on the "Install Ubuntu 13.04" (or 12.04 if you are going LTS) brings up the Ubuntu installer.
If you speak English I recommend choosing English (unless you feel you need an extra challenge) and indeed if you aren't a native English speaker then choose the language you feel most comfortable using.
As you can see from the screen image I had plenties of disk space and I was fully plugged in to the power but I didn't have an internet connection.
Having the internet connection set up lets you download updates on the go. I prefer to do it afterwards.
You will also notice the "install this third party software" checkbox which will make Flash and MP3s work straight away after the install.
You can choose any one of your broadband connections.
I have 2 available to me and neither of them are any good.
I prefer to install first and update later so I leave the internet disconnected.
6. Partition the empty spaceThis bit is going to amend your hard drive partitions and if you didn't do a backup at the beginning this is the point of no return.
I highly recommend making sure you have created the correct recovery media before continuing.
I could have made the install process one big step but the partitioning takes a bit of explaining so I put this in a separate section.
- Erase disk and install Ubuntu
- Something else
This guide is about installing alongside Windows 8 and therefore to do this choose "Something Else".
The disk layout on the Dell Inspiron 3521 is quite involved.
What you should do is look for the large amount of unpartitioned space by scrolling down. (For the Dell it was /dev/sda7).
When you find the unpartitioned space click on the plus symbol and create a logical partition. Mount the partition to / and set the size to 50 gigabytes. Set the partition type to EXT4.
Now find the unpartitioned space again and click on the plus symbol and create another logical partition. Mount this one to /HOME and set the type to EXT4. The size should be virtually all the unpartitioned space minus about 16 gigabytes.
There is a lot said about how much swap space you need but as disk space isn't exactly expensive anymore I always just choosing 16 gigabytes which is way more than is actually required. (By quite some distance). You will therefore need to create a third partition in the unpartitioned space and choose SWAP as the type.
When it comes to choosing where to install the bootloader don't change a thing. Leave it pointing to "/dev/sda". Whatever you do don't choose one of the other partitions like "/dev/sda1" or "/dev/sda2" etc. This is one of the most common mistakes people make.
For the / and Home partitions that you just created make sure the format checkbox is checked. You cannot format the swap partition.
Do not continue unless you are really satisfied that you have done everything correctly and that you have a backup available in case of bad times.
Press Install to continue.
7. Complete the installationThe installation will now continue and you will see files copied across and the installation taking place.
At this point you will be able to choose keyboard layouts, timezone and you will be asked to add a new user.
At the end of the install process you will asked if you want to restart the system or continue using the live version.
8. Reboot into the live imageAt this point it is worth rebooting the computer to see what has happened.
When the computer has started to reboot remove the USB drive and let the bootup process begin as normal.
If you are lucky everything has worked perfectly well and you have a GRUB menu showing options for Windows and Ubuntu.
The reality is that you will be very lucky if that really has happened.
One of three things will have happened:
- Ubuntu will have loaded
- Windows will have loaded
- Nothing loads
Unless you have a perfectly running dual boot system plug your USB drive back in and reboot so that the live version of Ubuntu runs again.
9. Run the boot repairFor the next part you will venture into the terminal. Press the super key on your keyboard (that is the one that looks like the Windows icon).
Type "term" into the search box that appears. Click on the "Terminal" icon.
From within the terminal window type the following:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:yannubuntu/boot-repair && sudo apt-get update
The information I am providing here comes straight from the following page: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Boot-Repair (Just in case you thought I was making all this up as I went along).sudo apt-get install -y boot-repair && (boot-repair &)
A message will appear saying that boot repair is scanning your partitions.
At this point I clicked the "Recommended repair" button as it does say it fixes the most frequent problems.
After a few minutes the application will tell you if it needs you to run extra commands in the terminal and it gives you the commands to copy and paste.
By following the instructions provided my boot loader was fixed and I could move on to the final step.
10. Test that everything worksReboot your computer and remove the USB drive.
You should now have a menu with various options on it. The first one will be Ubuntu and somewhere down the list is Windows EFI.
Try Ubuntu and make sure that it loads correctly, then reboot and try the Windows EFI option. Windows 8 should now load.
TroubleshootingThis article has been up for a number of months now and there have been a large number of comments added. Some of the comments provide nuggets of information that will be useful to others.
Click here for 9 tips for troubleshooting Windows 8 and Ubuntu.
If either Windows or Ubuntu won't load or nothing loads at all it is worth checking over the above steps to make sure you turned off fast boot and secure boot.
Now Google is again your friend (and not at all evil). Search for the error text that you received or go to the Ubuntu forums and search there for your error.
If that fails to help you can either ask for help yourself at the Ubuntu forums or on the Ubuntu sub-reddit.
SummaryI hope this article helps some of you install Ubuntu alongside Windows.
It will probably take you less time to install Ubuntu than it has to read the article down to this far.
Don't be afraid. Give it a go. You will be glad you did. Let's face it. Windows 8 sucks.
Thankyou for reading.
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